Understorey (less than 3m)

Goat veg18sq

Feral goat browsing on gorse

Goats will eat plants with prickly foliage, such as gorse. Here, the closer cropped lower foliage on the gorse bush indicates the height the goats on this cliff face are able to easily reach. Location: Camp Bay, Eastbourne coast, Wellington

Photograph: by Shona McCahon