Stunted regrowth on taupata after repeated goat browsing.
This taupata is barely alive after years of repeateed browsing by goats. Note the knobbly woody branch ends where past regrowth has repeatedly developed and been chewed off. Note, too, the many blunt stem ends which have been bitten off.
Location: Camp Bay, Eastbourne coast, Wellington.
Photograph: by Shona McCahon